Sultanpur is a District of Uttar Pradesh in Northern India. The district is a part of Faizabad Division(Faizabad is the administrative headquarters of the division.
The division consist of districts of Faizabad, Ambedkar Nagar, Barabanki and Sultanpur).
Sultanpur is situated on the left bank of Gomti River.
Historical Background Sultanpur
The Sultanpur district Gazetteer published in 1903 A.D. sheds some light on the history and origin of the district.
It notes that the chief land owning families of the time were the Rajputs of various clans, who possessed 76.16% of the total land area mainly resided in place today known as narayanpur.
Among them Raghuvanshies and the Rajkunwars popularly known as Rajkumar thakurs along-held over one-fourth of the district, while their kinsmen, the Bachgotis and Rajwars owned 11.4 and 3.4%, respectively. They had their haveli in narayanpur has been parted now by their ancestors.
The Rajkunwars traced there ancestry to Hammir Dev Chauhan of Ranthambore.The Rajkunwars were the only ruling clans of Sultanpur to unite all the other clans of the area under one flag and form a grand State around the 16th century under Maharaj Bariarshah Rajkunwar of Bhaddaiyan Raj but the state and power of Rajkunwars was dissolved after the great uprising of 1857 as they supported the natives.
The victorious British forces demoted the state to a zamindari and the Raja of dera was given the title of the heads of Rajkunwar. The head of rajkumar and raghuvanshi's thakur was raja ARJUN SINGH. The head of Bachgotis was the Raja of Kurwar while the taluqdar of Samrathpur represented another branch of the family.
The chief of Rajwars was the taluqdar of Pratabpur. Another member of the Rajwars family was the Raja of Hasanpur. Laterly raja hasanpur family, and royal family of Narayanpur parted themselves and the royal faimly of narayanpur lived in narayanpur but as "daan" many of their land and resources they gave to hasanpur. Allied to him were the families of Maniarpur and Gangeo and between them they owned a large portion of the central area. Next to Bachgotis and their kinsmen come the Bandhalgotis, who owned almost the whole of Amethi pargana.
Their head was the Raja of Amethi, while the taluqdar Shahgarh belonged to the same clan. Till now royal family of narayanpur started to giving "dan" to needy and poor people and their vast empire was degrading day by day. Raja Arjun singh told his son Bhagwandas to always support his praja. These were the last words of king. After them the Rajputs with large properties in the district were the Bhale Sultans who owned 4.72%, the Kanhapurias with 4.7%, and the Bais with 2.8%. Bhale Sultans were dwelling in the north west corner of the district in the parganas of Isauli, Musafirkhana and Jagdishpur.
The Kanhpurias were chiefly confined to pargana Gaura Jamo, almost the whole of which belonged to them. The Bais were scattered about in small groups.
Most of the land was now given by narayanpur family but still the main part of sultanpur was under them. Raja Bhgwandas was succeeded by Raja Rajnarayan from whose name Narayanpur got its name.
Raja Rajnarayan was ill in his last days. He left world and a huge empire to a widow queen and told her to be always kind to his praja at any cost. The queen was very famous in Narayanpur, Sultanpur as well as nearby areas specially in poor people and got her name "Pee Mai". She took the empire with honour and nourished it. Her landmark are still in first haveli of Narayanpur which is by now divided.
Later the zamindari system got banished and she was left with four sons and a huge empire to feed. It was these four sons among whom this haveli of narayanpur was divided and later everyone moulded it into his home.
Some remarkable work done by Rajnarayan was establishment of judicial system of Sultanpur district whose notations can be seen in Sultanpur District court.
Elder son of Rajnarayan was Thakur Awadhendra Pratap Singh. Who was the last ancestor known of this huge kingdom. Later he married with Shanti Devi and had 8 children. Among whom Dheerendra Pratap Singh, Vinay Singh and Sarwan Singh are among notable persons in Sultanpur. Sarwan singh is also a social activist and politician in Sultanpur
Another important branch of the land owning clans was the house of Raj Sah. Raj Sah had three sons, Ishri Singh, Chakrasen Singh and Rup Chand. From Ishari Singh, after nine generations came Bijai Chand, who had three sons. Harkaran Deo. Jit Rai, and Jionarain.
Harkaran Deo was the ancestor of Nanemau taluqdar; the ancestors of Nanemau taluqdar were known as kot darbar Near to the bank of Gomati river of Nanemau. The descendants of Harkaran Deo were Shivadutta and Gajadhar. Mahaved and Bhagwati were the last rular of the Nanemau estate.